Soviet Missions Luna 21: Amazing Panoramic Glossy Photos taken on the Lunar Surface, with Russian Press Captions, from the Collection of Oleg Ivanovsky. glossy B&W photo panels of approximately 10" x 7" taped together into panoramic views- (HA11102017A5500)
For nearly four months, the rover explored the moon, covering more than twenty-three miles, sending back thousands of individual photos and eighty-six panoramas like these from its three cameras. The lander was known to carry a bas-relief of Vladimir Lenin and a Soviet State Emblem. Both are visible in certain of these images.
Luna 21 (Ye-8 series) was an unmanned space mission, and its spacecraft, of the Luna program, also called Lunik 21, in 1973. The spacecraft landed on the Moon and deployed the second Soviet lunar rover, Lunokhod 2. The primary objectives of the mission were to collect images of the lunar surface, examine ambient light levels to determine the feasibility of astronomical observations from the Moon, perform laser ranging experiments from Earth, observe solar X-rays, measure local magnetic fields, and study mechanical properties of the lunar surface material.
Luna 21 carried the second successful Soviet lunar rover, Lunokhod 2, and was launched less than a month after the last Apollo 17 lunar landing. Landing occurred on the 15th January 1973 at 23:35 UT in Le Monnier crater at 25.85° N, 30.45° E, between Mare Serenitatis ("Sea of Serenity") and the Taurus Mountains. The lander carried a bas relief of Vladimir Lenin and the Soviet coat-of-arms.
Less than three hours later, at 01:14 UT on 16 January, the rover disembarked onto the lunar surface. The 840 kilogram Lunokhod 2 was an improved version of its predecessor and was equipped with a third TV camera, an improved eight-wheel traction system, and additional scientific instrumentation. By the end of its first lunar day, Lunokhod 2 had already traveled further than Lunokhod 1 in its entire operational life. On 9 May, the rover inadvertently rolled into a crater and dust covered its solar panels and radiators, disrupting temperatures in the vehicle. Attempts to save the rover failed, and on 3 June, the Soviet news agency announced that its mission was over. Before last contact, the rover took 80,000 TV pictures and 86 panoramic photos and had performed hundreds of mechanical and chemical surveys of the soil.
More info : https://www.airspacemag.com/daily-planet/time-soviet-moon-rover-refused-stop-180967884/
more info : http://lroc.sese.asu.edu/posts/699
These were Ivanovsky's personal copies; he was the director for the Sputnik, Luna, Vostok 1, and Lunokhod programs.
Oleg Genrikhovich Ivanovsky (Russian: Оле́г Ге́нрихович Ивано́вский; January 18, 1922 – September 18, 2014) was a Soviet engineer, and pioneer of spacecraft construction. Ivanovsky graduated from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute in 1953. Designer-General Sergei Korolev recruited him into the Soviet space program. Ivanovsky rose to chief designer at OKB-1, Korolev's design bureau. Among other things he was deputy principal designer of the first and second Sputniks, principal designer of Vostok manned spaceships, and creator of space probes. Ivanovsky personally helped Yuri Gagarin mount the gantry and climb into Vostok 1 and helped rebolt the hatch after Gagarin complained that it had not been closed and sealed correctly. He was said to be the last person to shake Gagarin's hand before the Vostok 1 flight.
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